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徘徊在都市里的深山老狼

一条深山老狼在喧闹的都市里孑然独行久了,倍感身心疲惫,总想回到幽静的深山里去!

 
 
 

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试题约稿出版  

2008-03-18 15:44:18|  分类: 科研苦乐 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

今天早上像往常一样打开邮箱,看到北京《英语学习辅导报》编辑部李老师发来的邮件,李老师告诉我在今年年初为该报拟写的阅读理解题被采用并已经出版,分别登载在该报江西中考专版2007-2008下学期27、30、31期。看到这个消息,我还是有那么一丝兴奋,毕竟这是自己辛苦了一个多星期的成果。

在某些人的眼里,出题很容易,不就是东抄抄西抄抄吗?其实不然,一份好的试卷是不能适用“拿来主义”的,必须付出艰苦的劳动才行。就拿我这次出题为例,先要到网站特别是国外网站搜寻有关材料,然后根据学生的水平进行改编,反复推敲题型,分析试题信度和效度,最后才能确定是否适合学生。下面是一个例子:

网上原文:Reading Body Language  (字数:389),网址:http://www.sciencenewsforkids.org/articles/20051102/Note3.asp

It's natural to greet friends with a smile and a wave. When you do this, your face and body work together to show your friends that you're happy to see them. But what happens if your face and body send mixed messages? Would someone be more likely to believe the look on your face or the way you hold your body?

Scientists have recently tackled these questions. They found that when a person is looking at your face, she might not believe what she sees if your body language doesn't match the feeling that your face shows.

Studying such mixed messages is nothing new for scientists. Previously, they had found that the tone of a person's voice can be more important than the words that are spoken. For example, most people tend not to believe a person who says in a flat voice, "I'm so excited."

When it came to emotions conveyed by facial expressions and body language, most scientists suspected that the face was more important. To test if this was true, psychologists from the Netherlands and Boston showed people a number of pictures of isolated faces and isolated bodies (with faces blurred out) that showed anger or fear. They also showed pictures in which angry or scared faces were paired with angry or scared bodies.

An angry face had low eyebrows and tight lips. A scared face had high eyebrows and a slightly open mouth. An angry body had arms back and shoulders at an angle, as if ready to fight. A scared body had arms forward and shoulders square, as if ready to defend.

Using the pictures, the researchers asked people to quickly press a button that matched the correct facial emotion: anger or fear. When people looked only at faces, they chose the right emotion about 81 percent of the time. But when people looked at a mismatched picture—a scared face with an angry body, for example—they correctly guessed the emotion on the face only 64 percent of the time.

These results told the researchers that mixed signals can confuse people. Even when people pay attention to the face, body language subtly influences which emotion they read. So, your body language is important for telling people how you feel. And if you want to be understood, it helps to avoid sending mixed messages.

改编后的文章及题目:

阅读下面短文,然后根据短文内容回答问题。

Reading Body Language (解读体态语)

You always greet friends with a smile and a wave. When you do this, your face and body work together to show your friends that you’re happy to see them. But what happens if your face and body send mixed (混合的) messages?

Scientists found that when a person is looking at your face, she might not believe what she sees if your body language doesn’t match (匹配) the feeling that your face shows.

Most scientists suspected (怀疑) that the face was more important. In order to test if this was true, some scientists showed people a number of pictures of isolated (单独的) faces and isolated bodies that showed anger or fear. They also showed some angry or scared (恐惧的) faces with angry or scared bodies.

It is found that people chose the right picture about 81 percent of the time when they looked only at faces. But when people looked at a scared face with an angry body, they could guess the right picture only 64 percent of the time.

It told us that mixed signals can confuse (使……糊涂) people. That means that your body language is important for telling people how you feel.  (本文字数:200)

1. How do you do when you meet your friends?

2. What will happen when your body language doesn’t match the feeling that your face shows?

3. How did scientists examine the face was more important?

4. What were the results of the scientists?

5. Why is body language important?

Keys:

1. We always meet our friends with a smile and a wave.

2. People might not believe what they see.

3. They showed people some pictures of isolated faces, isolated bodies, or angry / scared faces with angry / scared bodies.

4. People chose the right picture about 81 percent of the time when they looked only at faces. But when people looked at a scared face with an angry body, they could guess the right picture only 64 percent of the time.5. Because it can tell people how you feel.

5. Because it can tell people how you feel.

编辑审定的发表样稿:

Reading Body Language (解读体态语)

You always greet friends with a smile and a wave. When you do this, your face and body work together to show your friends that you’re happy to see them. But what happens if your face and body send mixed (混合的) messages?

Scientists found that when a person is looking at your face, he or she might not believe what she sees if your body language doesn’t match (匹配) the feeling that your face shows.

Most scientists though that the face was more important that the body language to tell a person feelings. To test if this was true, some scientists showed people a number of pictures of faces that showed anger or fear. They also showed some angry or scared faces with angry or scared bodies.

Using the pictures, the researchers asked people to quickly press a button that matched the correct emotion: anger or fear. It is found that people chose the right picture about 81 percent of the time when they looked only at faces. But when people looked at a scared face with an angry body, they could guess the right picture only 64 percent of the time.

It tells us that mixed signals can confuse (使……糊涂) people. Even when people pay attention to the face, body language influences which emotion they read. So, your body language is also important for telling people how you feel.  

1. How do we usually greet our friends according to the passage?

2. What will happen when your body language doesn’t match the feeling that your face shows?

3. How did the scientists do the experiment?

4. Which is more important to tell how a person feels, the face or the body?

5. What can we learn from the result of the experiments?

Keys:

1. We usually greet our friends with a smile and a wave.

2. People might not believe what they see.

3. They showed people some pictures of angry or scared faces and angry or scared faces with angry or scared bodies. Then they asked people to press a button that matched the correct emotion: anger or fear.

4. The face.

5. Mixed signals can confuse people. Body language is also important for telling people how you feel. 

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